LibrePlanet:Conference/2013/Program/Coreboot Install Party

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See the LibrePlanet 2015 Conference Site

Contents

What is it about?

There will be a coreboot Install party at LibrePlanet 2013, Coreboot is a free software BIOS replacement.

Why is it important?

Reservation (for people wanting coreboot to be installed on their computer)

Since we replace the BIOS, we need to be prepaired to recover if something goes wrong...In order to be well prepaired we need to know how many people will want coreboot, and on which computers.

There is a partial list of supported computers here The full list can be obtained by looking at the source code.

VGA Option rom replacements

Insert your name and computer(s) below

The reservation is not mandatory but it could help us prepare better.

": Gigabyte GA-MA785GMT-UD2H + Phenom II X4.  Patch help needed; this is a LibrePlanet live video streaming box

Organization (for people installing coreboot on the users computers)

People involved in the installation

Flashing

X60/T60

X201

<phcoder> GNUtoo-m4a785t-m: It should be compatible with x201i but right now I tested only on one single laptop and it may be that it won't work even on another laptop of the same line if I got some timing algorithms wrong.

=> what to do if it fails?

<phcoder> First 5M is ME firmware, last 3M is BIOS/coreboot
[root@N71Jq ~]# flashrom -r bios.bin -pinternal:laptop=force_I_want_a_brick
flashrom v0.9.6.1-r1564 on Linux 3.8.2-1-LIBRE (x86_64)
flashrom is free software, get the source code at http://www.flashrom.org

Calibrating delay loop... OK.
========================================================================
WARNING! You may be running flashrom on an unsupported laptop. We could
not detect this for sure because your vendor has not setup the SMBIOS
tables correctly. You can enforce execution by adding
'-p internal:laptop=this_is_not_a_laptop' to the command line, but
please read the following warning if you are not sure.

Laptops, notebooks and netbooks are difficult to support and we
recommend to use the vendor flashing utility. The embedded controller
(EC) in these machines often interacts badly with flashing.
See http://www.flashrom.org/Laptops for details.

If flash is shared with the EC, erase is guaranteed to brick your laptop
and write may brick your laptop.
Read and probe may irritate your EC and cause fan failure, backlight
failure and sudden poweroff.
You have been warned.
========================================================================
Proceeding anyway because user forced us to.
Found chipset "Intel HM55". 
This chipset is marked as untested. If you are using an up-to-date version
of flashrom *and* were (not) able to successfully update your firmware with it,
then please email a report to flashrom@flashrom.org including a verbose (-V) log.
Thank you!
Enabling flash write... FREG0: WARNING: Flash Descriptor region (0x00000000-0x00000fff) is read-only.
FREG2: WARNING: Management Engine region (0x00003000-0x001fffff) is locked.
Please send a verbose log to flashrom@flashrom.org if this board is not listed on
http://flashrom.org/Supported_hardware#Supported_mainboards yet.
Writes have been disabled. You can enforce write support with the
ich_spi_force programmer option, but it will most likely harm your hardware!
If you force flashrom you will get no support if something breaks.
OK.
Found SST flash chip "SST25VF032B" (4096 kB, SPI) at physical address 0xffc00000.
Reading flash... Transaction error!
Read operation failed!
FAILED.

it will print the ME regions:

FREG2: WARNING: Management Engine region (0x00003000-0x001fffff) is locked.

it will also print the chip:

Found SST flash chip "SST25VF032B" (4096 kB, SPI) at physical address 0xffc00000.

=> verify if its voltage match with the programmer voltage...

       -l, --layout <file>
              Read ROM layout from <file>.

              flashrom  supports  ROM  layouts. This allows you to flash certain parts of the flash chip only. A ROM layout file contains multiple lines with the following
              syntax:

                startaddr:endaddr imagename

              startaddr and endaddr are hexadecimal addresses within the ROM file and do not refer to any physical address. Please note that using a 0x  prefix  for  those
              hexadecimal  numbers  is  not necessary, but you can't specify decimal/octal numbers.  imagename is an arbitrary name for the region/image from  startaddr to
              endaddr (both addresses included).

              Example:

                00000000:00008fff gfxrom
                00009000:0003ffff normal
                00040000:0007ffff fallback

              If you only want to update the image named normal in a ROM based on the layout above, run

                flashrom -p prog --layout rom.layout --image normal -w some.rom

              To update only the images named normal and fallback, run:

                flashrom -p prog -l rom.layout -i normal -i fallback -w some.rom

              Overlapping sections are not supported.

Other computers(Desktops for instance)

Usually it's easy if the mainboard is supported by flashrom.

Diagnostics(to avoid recovery)

X60/T60

Recovery(if something goes wrong)

X60/T60

The recovery method requires:

Desktops

Recovering from a bad flash on a desktop is usually much more easier than on a laptop but it depends on the mainboard.

Flash chips

We will support the following flash chips technologies. Protocol:

Format:

See Here for more details on what it means.

Handling Freedom Issues in Coreboot

This page was a featured resource in February 2013.


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