Group: Software/research/ExternalRepositories

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Introduction

While distributions typically have high quality packages that work fine, a lot of software is not packaged in distributions.

This often lead users to rely on third party package managers that are often provided by the distribution.

This page tries to summarize the research about such third party package managers, especially to understand which one can be added in or kept in FSDG compliant distributions, and which ones should be removed or replaced.

Read a related article: Keeping track of freedom while managing packages

FSDG compliant repositories

This contains lists of FSDG compliant repositories.

Repository type FSDG compliant implementations
Browser addons See BrowserAddons
General purpose package manager on top of existing distributions

The CrossDistroBootstrap also has some information on how reusable are some FSDG distribution repositories. For instance PureOS is now in upstream debootstrap, but other FSDG compliant distributions need to wait for a new debootstrap release, and they might also need to package the PureOS keyring to enable users to safely use their repositories.

As for using other distribution repositories, the DistroExecutionEnvironments page has more information about which container/virtualization systems work with which distribution.

Research

Programming languages

Repository name Programs / Packages Repository type Licenses requirements Reliability of license fields Status
ConanCenter Conan C/C++ Conan and repository ? ?
CPAN ? Perl Allow any license (including nonfree software) ?
CRAN ? R The CRAN policy has strict license requirements, but it also allows the following nonfree licenses: Very high. See "Source packages" in the CRAN policy.
Guix CRAN

(unofficial Guix repository)

N/A R Same as CRAN. Not referenced by FSDG distributions, so nothing to fix.

Since CRAN licensing information is very strict, it might be very easy to make an FSDG compliant repository out of it, by removing packages with licenses considered nonfree by GNU / The FSF. That repository is already fully automated so it might be very easy to fix and maintain.

Hackage Cabal Haskell FLOSS license required, points to FSF and OSI for the licenses list. ?
npm Registry npm JavaScript ? ?
PECL ? PHP Allow nonfree software, GPL and LGPLv3 (libraries?) not accepted ?
pkg.go.dev Go ? ?
Python Package Index
  • pip
Python Allow any license (including nonfree software) ?
Distribution Status
Dragora
Dynebolic
Guix
Hyperbola
LibreCMC
Parabola blacklisted
ProteanOS
Replicant
PureOS
Trisquel
Ututo S
RubyGems rubygems Ruby Allow any license (including nonfree software) ?
Distribution Status
Dragora
Dynebolic
Guix
Hyperbola
LibreCMC
Parabola blacklisted
ProteanOS
Replicant
PureOS
Trisquel
Ututo S
Crates Cargo Rust ? ? lib.rs is a a free frontend to crates so the repository can be viewed without non-free JS.

Parabola has a bug report (bug #1035) about programming language package managers, it has more reference and information on the issue.

Docker registries

See Group:Software/research/ExternalRepositories/DockerRegistries for more details about Docker registries, how to run your own registry easily, etc.

Programs

Program name Program type Repository type Repository website Licenses requirements Reliability of license fields Status
Docker Virtualization software Repository of distribution installation images and software images Docker has a default repository for images according to the docker bug #7203 and to a stackoverflow comment. Since that repository is used in the 'docker' command line tool, it needs to be replaced or removed.
Distribution Status
Dragora
Dynebolic
Guix
Hyperbola
LibreCMC
Parabola #3421
ProteanOS
Replicant Doesn't ship docker
PureOS
Trisquel
Ututo S
GNOME Boxes (+osinfo-db) Virtualization software Repository of distribution installation images that is constructed with libosinfo and osinfo-db
Distribution Status
Dragora
Dynebolic
Guix Bug #60109
Hyperbola
LibreCMC
Parabola Gnome Boxes and/or libosinfo are patched to only show FSDG compliant distributions.
ProteanOS
Replicant Doesn't ship GNOME Boxes
PureOS
Trisquel
Ututo S
Libreoffice Document editing software Extensions extensions.libreoffice.org ? ?

TODO:

  • Needs confirmation of the bug (Does upstream have licenses requirements or not?).
Distribution Status
Dragora
Dynebolic
Guix
Hyperbola
LibreCMC
Parabola Bug #3412
ProteanOS
Replicant Doesn't ship libreoffice
PureOS
Trisquel
Ututo S
LXC Virtualization software Repository of distribution packages / rootfs images.linuxcontainers.org ? ? LXC provides $prefix/share/lxc/templates/lxc-download which can download various distributions like Debian, Ubuntu, etc.
Distribution Status
Dragora
Dynebolic
Guix '/gnu/store/*-lxc-*/share/lxc/templates/lxc-download --list' lists non-fsdg compliant distributions.
Hyperbola
LibreCMC
Parabola '/usr/share/lxc/templates/lxc-download --list' lists non-fsdg compliant distributions.
ProteanOS
Replicant
PureOS
Trisquel
Ututo S
Nextcloud Collaboration server Addons apps.nextcloud.com ? ? TODO: Check if Nextcloud uses apps.nextcloud.com
Distribution Status
Dragora
Dynebolic
Guix Doesn't have nextcloud
Hyperbola Doesn't have nextcloud
LibreCMC
Parabola Has nextcloud
ProteanOS
Replicant Doesn't have nextcloud
PureOS
Trisquel Doesn't have nextcloud
Ututo S
Wesnoth Game Addons ? ? ?
Xonotic Game Content downloaded during online games:
  • Maps
  • Music
  • Other?
? ? ?

List of pages

This set of pages talks about external repositories.


(Note that this page does not automatically update; if you add another page under Hardware/, make sure to refresh/purge this page.)


See also

  • DistroUpstreamSupport: This page has a list of which FSDG distributions are supported in some of the external repositories present here.
  • CrossDistroBootstrap: For how to bootstrap an FSDG distribution from another FSDG compliant distribution.

References


"issue" is not in the list (interest, location, project, school) of allowed values for the "Organized around" property.