Skype Replacement is an item on the FSF's High Priority Projects list.
Protocol, not client
We need to make the discussion about protocols, not clients, (think how people say “send me an email” rather than “send me a Hotmail”).
The primary functionality of Skype we aim to replace is real-time:
- voice calls (to computers)
- video calls
- text chat
- voice calls to plain old telephones (via a SIP gateway or similar)
Anywhere over the Internet (or beyond), with as many people per conversation, logging, etc. whatever other features (clarify this section as necessary).
The free protocols currently available to do this are.
|XMPP/Jingle||Yes||Yes||Yes||Full presence, group chat, widely deployed.|
|Mumble||Yes||No||Yes||Intended for gaming, has positional audio support in some games as well as an overlay.|
|Tox||Yes||Yes||Yes||In early development, not fully implemented, although it seems usable as of now (2015-04-10).|
Apart from technical problems with free Skype replacements, there is a “network effect” problem preventing free protocols (and clients) from becoming popular. This might be solved by explaining the problems of Skype to the people and providing the stories about injustice concerning this software.
Lists exist already:
Do we need more information? If so it can go here.
|Linphone||Yes||No||No||No||Yes||GNU/Linux, Windows, OS X, iOS, Android, BlackBerry, WinRT||GPLv2+||ZRTP Encryption|
|Jitsi||Yes||Yes||No||No||Yes||Java||LGPL||ZRTP Encrypted Media, OTR, Conference|
|Ekiga||Yes||No||No||No||Yes||GNU/Linux, Windows XP, H323||GPLv2+|
|Mumble||No||No||Yes||No||Yes||GNU/Linux, OS X, Windows, iOS, Android¹||BSD|
|QRadioLink||No||No||Yes||No||Yes||GNU/Linux (audio only, video planned)||GPL|
|Pidgin||No?||Yes||No?||No||Yes||GNU/Linux, Windows (no calls)||GPL|
|Asterisk||Yes||Yes||No||No||Yes||GNU/Linux||GPL||Server software, VoIP PBX, connect SIP clients and hardware phones|
|Jitsi Meet||No||No||No||No||Yes||Chromium Browser, WebRTC||GPL||Server software|
|Talky||No||No||No||No||Yes||Browser, WebRTC||Server software|
|Openmeetings||No||No||No||No||Yes||Browser based, Flash||Apache||Server software|
|Big Blue Button||No||No||No||No||Yes||Browser based, Flash, WebRTC||GPL||Server software|
|Tox||No||No||No||Yes||Yes||GNU/Linux, BSD, OS X, Windows||GPLv3||Peer-to-peer, encrypted|
¹: Android has free third-party clients like Plumble.
- I have used Ekiga in the past and had good luck with it, but only with other Ekiga users on GNU/Linux -- Mattl 15:47, 14 May 2012 (EDT)
- Ekiga used to work fine for me on the local network, but failed to connect to another user behind NAT firewall. It does not support UPnP mechanism provided by many modern routers and used by almost every torrent-client and by Skype as well. -- v_2e 05:49, 24 May 2012 (EDT)
- Used Linphone for video telephony with my own Asterisk server and the linphone.org service. Lightweight application, audio and video quite good. Conrad 22:11
- Successfully used to three-way audio-video chat with a pair of Mac users. H.264 only, but VP8 support soon! -- Mattl 15:47, 14 May 2012 (EDT)
- VP8 support has landed. --Johns 11:20, 30 May 2013 (EDT)
- Use Jitsi for personal and collaboration purposes.
The good: impressive feature set:
- XMPP, IRC, ICQ, Yahoo, Facebook, SIP
- encrypted audio, video and screen sharing (remote control)
- OTR chat encryption
- NAT traversal - ICE and Jingle Nodes
The bad: severe stability issues:
- connect problems - sometimes no audio, sometimes no video
- audio and video drop outs.
The ugly: user interface:
- incoming text message catches focus
- but doesn't stay on the screen
Conrad 22:11 15 Dec 2014 (CET)
- Empathy is further improved in Fedora 18/GNOME 3.6. I am able to make voice calls on an XMPP network from Empathy to Empathy and from Empathy to the Google Talk desktop client. -- agajan 23:34, 14 May 2013 (EDT)
- Google browser plugin interop requires a non-free codec (H.264). Video quality is poor without this codec when calling from Empathy to Empathy.
- Even with the new Xiph codec?
- Worked fine on the local network – failed when NAT involved Conrad 22:31 15 Dec 2014 (CET)
I started to install Empathy on Debian Squeeze, using Synaptic. However, marking Empathy for installation resulted in Synaptic telling me that over 120 other packages were required, starting with brasero, brasero-common, cdrdao, cheese-common ... This is lunacy. Either there is a gross mistake in Empathy's packaging, or it really requires most of Gnome, which rules it out for me (I use Xfce).
I've been using Tox for a while on GNU/Linux and moved a few people to it. I'm now using it as one of my only forms of instant messaging instead of XMPP. Jookia 08:42, 23 November 2014 (EST)
- Peer to peer with trustless relay servers if not possible.
- Uses OTR-level encryption between peers.
- Group chats and calls.
- Supports group voice calls.
- A range of alpha quality clients are available and more are coming
The bad (but planned):
- Echo cancellation isn't implemented.
- Multidevice support for one ID isn't possible yet.
- Only an experimental Android client.
- Core not audited.
- iOS support might need reimplementation due to GPL not allowing restrictions. However, it should probably be possible through jailbreaking.
- No discussion of telephone network usage.
User: beccon:beccon 30 December 2014 (CET): I evaluated utox on different Linux machines: Good:
- Works out of the box. It takes a while to get someone on the roster - but once confirmed then text, file transfer, video and audio work
- Easy to handle interface
Not so good:
- High bandwidth consumption when idling. (some Megabyte per hour - making it not so suitable for mobile use) Obviously systemic - the client has to do the server's workload too.